Back pain is the one of the top two complains physicians come across. Numerous researches have shown that about 80% of the American population suffers from back pain at some point in their lives. The most common region of back affected with this symptom is the lumbar or lower region of the back. This part of the backbone is responsible for transmitting the weight from the upper regions of the body to the lower limbs. Also, unlike the thoracic vertebra, it does not have the support of any adjacent bones, which makes it quite susceptible to trauma. Although people from all walks of life and age groups may be the target of back trauma, such as a car accident or truck accident, it is most common in the older age groups, as they suffer from one form of degenerative skeletal disease or the other.
CAUSES OF BACK PAIN
A wide gamut of disorders and injuries produce the symptoms of lower back pain, some of which are stated below:
- The most common cause for lower back pain is a muscle strain. It can be caused by lifting heavy weights. Sudden movements such as bending down or turning around suddenly also results in muscle strains.
- If you have severe lower back pain then you probably have a herniated disc.
- If you experience lower back pain usually in mornings or evenings, then it could be a result of degenerative disc disease. In this disease, the cartilage present between the bones gets degenerated, due to which the vertebra’s have no longer a smooth surface between them to provide non frictional movement. Thus they rub against one another and also compress the spinal nerves in the vicinity causing symptoms of lower back pain.
- A bone fracture caused by an injury may also result in extreme lower back pain.
- A bad posture, common in working men and women, may also give you lower back pain.
- Inflammation, which may be noninfectious, can also cause stiffness and pain in the lower region.
- Pregnant women may also experience low back pain.
- Any renal disease may cause renal colic, which is also localized to the low back area.
- Osteoporosis, which is extremely common in post-menopausal women and old aged men, may exhibit symptoms of low back pain.
SYMPTOMS OF LOW BACK PAIN
Lower back pain symptoms may be as follows:
- The pain which may vary from mild to severe intensity, and in character maybe dull aching, burning, pricking, radiating, colicky etc.
- Muscle spasms.
- Experiencing cramps quite often or stiffness in the lower back region.
- The pain gets worse with prolonged sitting such as travelling or driving for long hours.
- If you suffer from low back pain then you will have trouble bending down or turning around abruptly.
LOW BACK PAIN TREATMENT
Lowe back pain should always be treated according to the symptoms. If the duration is less than four weeks, then it is acute back pain. If you have had it for more than twelve weeks then you are suffering from chronic back pain. In this case a physician must be consulted immediately if you do not wish to have back pain throughout your life.
The treatments of low back pain are:
- Self-care: If you have debilitating acute back pain, then self-care will help in reducing it to a huge extent. Avoid climbing stairs, as it puts additional pressure on back muscles. Avoid bending down to pick an object, instead bend your knees and sit and pick it up.
- Improve your posture: If the pain you are experiencing is a result of bad posture than try sitting up straight. While standing or walking, keep your shoulders back and do not hunch as hunching results in spraining your back muscles and also gives a bad impression of low self-confidence.
- Exercise: Exercise as much as you can but do not over indulge as this will put additional pressure on your low back muscles or you may end up with a sprain. If you have chronic back pains then stretch your muscles, which will decrease the stiffness. Try to decrease your body weight as it decreases the stress on your back.
- Application of heat: Try applying heat through different modes of heat packs available in the market. But do not expose it directly to your skin.
- Sleep on hard surface: it is very effective in cases of chronic back pain to buy medicated mattresses that are designed to provide a hard surface for sleeping, which improves your symptoms.
With proper care and management, lower back can be dealt with very effectively. If diagnosed and treated in time, then irreversible damage can be avoided in a majority of cases and invasive procedures are not resorted to. Maintenance of a healthy back gives way to a healthy life style.
If you are suffering from low back pain as the result of the negligent conduct of another, you are entitled to reimbursement for your injury. To obtain additional information regarding your injury rights, contact Missouri accident lawyer Christopher R. Dixon to discuss your case. Call immediately: 314.409.7060 or toll-free at 855-402-7274.